Eye exams

Regular eye exams are essential to ensure long term eye health. Whether or not you are experiencing vision problems, a comprehensive eye exam can detect vision problems or diseases long before you are even aware a problem exists.

Early eye exams for children are also extremely important. Addressing vision problems as early as possible is crucial in ensuring long term eye health as 80% of learning comes from vision. The Canadian Association of Optometrists recommends that parents bring their children in during the first year of life and again before they enter kindergarten and yearly thereafter. OHIP covers eye exams for children up to the age of 20. Eye exams are also covered for patients 65 and over and for individuals with certain eye and systemic conditions. Please call our office for details on coverage available for you.

Please use the expanding menu below to view additional optometric services we provide.

Visual Acuities
Best corrected vision is one of the most important tests of the visual system in order to determine if there are any disease processes starting or already present in the eye such as a ‘lazy eye’.

Refraction
Refraction is a complex process that involves the use of the phoropter to determine the best corrective lenses to be prescribed based on the examiners skill and the patients responses.

Pupil Dilation
In order to properly test for cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma and retinal detachment Dr. Varshney will dilate your pupils. This allows her to see all the way to the back of your eye, including any changes that may indicate early signs of disease. Early diagnosis allows for early treatment.

Biomicroscopy
Biomicroscopy is the examination of the various tissues of the eye with a special magnified microscope that allows a stereoscopic detailed view of the eye. It is used in the examination of the lids, lashes, conjunctiva, cornea, iris, lens, macula, retina, and optic nerve. This in depth view facilitates anatomical diagnoses to be made for a variety of eye conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration.

Amsler Grid Test
The Amsler Grid is a simple visual exam used to test for macular degeneration, during which the patient will be asked to focus on a dot in the centre of a square grid of horizontal and vertical lines. People with normal vision should be able to view the grid clearly, but those with macular degeneration may have a distorted view of the grid. (Link to an Amsler Grid)

Tonometry
Tonometry was once believed to be one of the most important tests in diagnosing glaucoma. The pressure inside of your eye (intraocular pressure) is measured using tonometry. There are two different techniques that Varshney Optometry has available to measure intraocular pressures: non-contact tonometry in which a puff of air gently touches the cornea and the other is contact tonometry in which a probe with the use of anaesthetic touches the cornea measuring the pressure of the eye.

Pachymetry
Pachymetry is used the measure central corneal thickness. Pachymetry is important in determining the predictability of glaucoma and is also very useful in determining the candidacy of patients considering lasik laser eye surgery. Varshney Optometry includes this test as part of the full eye exam on patients having their eye pressures measured.

Binocular Indirect Ophthalmoscope
A Binocular Indirect ophthalmoscope is a special stereoscopic microscope that when used with pupil dilation allows the peripheral retina to be examined. It aids in detecting retinal detachments and diabetic retinopathy.

Optical Coherence Tomography with Digital Photography (Optical Ultrasound of the Eye)
This technology allows instant, high resolution images of the eye, much higher than that of an MRI without the harmful effects of radiation. These scans are important as a baseline and screening for diseases of healthy eyes in children, adults and seniors. These images are also critical in diagnoses and monitoring the progression of eye diseases.

Visual Field Testing
A visual field test involves the patient reporting their ability to see flashes of light or lines with their peripheral vision. Changes in peripheral vision may indicate an onset of the disease. A visual field test maps the complete scope of vision by measuring the central and peripheral vision for each individual eye. This simple, yet extremely important, test is used to detect the first signs of serious optical conditions such as glaucoma, retinal and optic nerve disease and non-optical conditions such as strokes, brain tumours, the complications of certain medications such as plaquenil used in rheumatoid arthritis.

Forsee Macular Degeneration Testing
The Foresee PHP provides a simple, quick and non-invasive way to detect abnormalities in the macula that may suggest the presence of macular degeneration in its earliest stages and to monitor its progression.

Computer Vision Testing
In today’s increasingly digital world, we are spending more and more time in front of computers, tablets and smart phones. Experts suggest that anyone who spends more than two hours in front of a computer screen every day has likely experienced Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS). Symptoms of this syndrome include blurry vision, itchy and dry eyes, and headaches. Varshney Optometry has a PRIO Tester which mimics the computer work station allowing the doctor to determine whether a specific prescription, eye exercises or a specific working distance is required to ease the strain on your eyes and improve the long-term health of your vision.

Refractive Surgery/LASIK Assessment
LASIK (Laser-Assisted-in-Situ Keratomileusis) is an outpatient procedure that only takes around 10 minutes to perform on each eye. LASIK is currently one of the most frequently performed healthcare procedures in North America. It involves special lasers cutting a corneal flap and altering the inner layers of the cornea to correct vision.

In order to determine if LASIK is right for you, the first step is an in-depth examination of your eyes, your expectations, and your lifestyle by a licensed optometrist. LASIK treats a range of near-sightedness (myopia), far-sightedness (hyperopia) and astigmatism in individuals who are at least 18 years of age, in good general health with a stable prescription, no eye diseases and ample corneal thickness. In some cases you may not be a candidate for LASIK even though the above conditions are met. PRK or Refractive Lens Implants may be other options of vision correction.

Varshney Optometry provides Refractive Surgery/LASIK assessment and follow-up care and can provide a referral to conveniently located Refractive Surgery/Laser Eye Centers throughout Ontario.

Ocular Emergencies
The sudden onset of unusual symptoms such as blurry vision, peripheral flashes, spots or floaters, loss of vision, red, painful or swollen eyes can indicate an ocular emergency. A piece of metal/debris in the eye must also be removed immediately. When in doubt, be sure to contact your eye doctor, physician, walk-in clinic, Tele-Health Ontario or ER for an emergency assessment and determination of next steps for treatment. Varshney Optometry is available for ocular emergencies.

Nutritional Counselling
Varshney Optometry provides a wide range of nutritional counselling advice designed to enhance the quality of your eye health. Nutritional deficiencies and imbalances can often lead to many conditions involving the eyes. Regular optometrist visits are an important part of your eye care regime. During your visit, you should discuss any concerns with Dr. Varshney who can then actively identify these conditions and recommend a course of action for treatment through appropriate dietary and lifestyle modifications. Vitamins and other supplements may also be recommended.

Low Vision Services
Varshney Optometry offers patients that are unable to see well with their regular correction, optical aids to help support daily living activities such as reading the newspaper and watching TV comfortably.

If you have any questions regarding our services, please feel free to contact us at 905-681-8277 (VARS).

Children in Junior Kindergarten who have their eyes examined at Varshney Optometry and other participating optometrists will receive their eye exam (covered annually by OHIP) and high quality eyeglasses complimentary should they require them. This fantastic program is provided in affiliation with the Ontario Association of Optometrists.

According to the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, the following patients are covered for yearly eye exams by OHIP:

  • Patients 19 and under
  • Patients 65 and older
  • Patients 20-64 with certain medical conditions

Feel free to ask us if you qualify, or for more information, please visit the Ontario Government

Patients may be covered by their own insurance plans. You can contact your benefits provider, or we can help you with that!